Where appropriate, the Electricity Purchase Agreements (PPPs) may be appropriate The aforementioned AAEs should be distinguished from electricity purchase contracts in a regulated electricity market where the agreements are generally contracts to purchase electricity from a private producer in which the plant already exists or where the plant is built on the initiative of the private generator. For examples of this type of PPP, click on the following links: Edison Electric Institute Master Power Purchase – Sale Agreement (PDF) (4/25/2000) and Tri-State PPA. Depending on the regulation and market environment, different situations may occur, in which AAEs are a favourable form of financing or a stabilizing factor in long-term delivery. Synthetic AAEs decouple the physical flow of electricity from the financial flow. This will further increase the flexibility of contractual agreements. With respect to synthetic chaining contracts (also known as sPPAs), producers and consumers agree on a price per kilowatt-hour of electricity, as does a physical AAE. However, electricity is not delivered directly to the consumer from the power generation facility. Instead, the producer`s energy service provider (for example. B an electricity distributor) takes the electricity generated in its clearing group and acts (in the short-term electricity markets, to cite an example). The consumer`s energy supplier (for example. B, a municipal plant) obtains exactly the power profile that the manufacturer makes available to its energy service provider on behalf of the PPA consumer partner, the purchase being made on a platform such as the spot market. In the synthetic AAE, this flow of electricity is now supplemented by what is called a differential contract.
In this contract, the AAEs parties aim to compensate for the difference between the agreed price of AAEs and the actual spot market price. This means that each counterparty in the AEA has two cash flows: one with the energy service provider concerned and the other with the AAE contractor. In any event, the payments add up to the price of the AAEs set at the beginning and offer both parties the desired price guarantee. Without direct physical delivery between the contracting parties (such as an AAE on site) and without a direct link between them (such as an off-site AAE), this is a simple and administratively economical AAE. It is well suited to cases where a producer does not create or does not wish to create its own balance sheet group, to cite an example. Corporate PPAs expand the pool of buyers to whom generators sell their power. Access to this wider range of customers has considerable benefits for the generator, as described above, but can also result in delays in the earlier phases of a transaction, in which the generator must need time to understand the needs of the business and negotiate the AAEs with a party for which it is an unknown area.