English-French Agreement

At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. The following eleven points included the formal agreements between Great Britain, France and Russia. The main feature of the agreement was that it recognized that the United Kingdom had full control of Egypt and France in Morocco (provided that France`s possible arrangements regarding Morocco imply an appropriate consideration of Spain`s interests in that country). At the same time, Great Britain ceded the Los Islands (before French Guinea) to France, defined the Nigerian border in favour of France and accepted French control of the upper Valley of The Gambia, while France renounced its exclusive right to certain fisheries off Newfoundland. In addition, French and British zones of influence were proposed in Siam (Thailand), which were eventually decided not to be colonized, the eastern areas adjacent to French Indochina being traced into a proposed French zone and to the west, to the Burmese tenasserim, a proposed British area. Arrangements were also made to dispel the rivalry between British and French settlers in the New Hebrides. The agreement is seen by many as a turning point in Western and Arab relations. She denied the promises made by the United Kingdom to the Arabs[9] concerning a national Arab homeland in the region of Syria in exchange for British support for the Ottoman Empire.

The agreement was made public with others on 23 November 1917 in Moscow by the Bolsheviks[10] and repeated on 26 November 1917 in the British Guardian, so that “the British were displaced, the Arabs appalled and the Turks happy.” [11] [12] [13] The legacy of the agreement has caused too much discontent in the region, particularly among the Denarabern, but also among the Kurds, who were denied an independent state. [14] [15] [16] [17] After the outbreak of war in the summer of 1914, the Allies – Great Britain, France and Russia – had much discussion about the future of the Ottoman Empire, which is now fighting on the side of Germany and the central powers, and its vast area in the Middle East, South and South America.

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