Us Canada Equivalency Agreement


In some cases, an organic import may originate from a country other than the United States or Canada. USCOEA is the only equivalency regime in Canada that covers imports from third countries. This means that when a product is imported from a third country that does not have an equivalency regime (such as India), the only way to sell that product as an organic product in Canada, if the product is certified by the Canada Organic Regime (COR) or the National National Organic Program (NOP). The table below presents the different biobiological import scenarios under this agreement. For more information on other equivalency agreements, visit our summary page. For more information on the equivalency agreement and labelling requirements, visit the Canadian government`s summary page. The internal market will develop on the basis of an facilitated supply and demand chain and a reduction in inefficiencies and regulatory redundancies that will benefit producers, producers, consumers and retailers. Although equivalence opens up the domestic market to imports, a competitive advantage over imported products is maintained by increased purchasing decisions for “products” and “locals”. Under organic equivalency, manufacturers certified by a USDA-accredited certification body in accordance with National Organic Program rules are not required to double certify to Canadian organic standards to meet Canadian labeling requirements when exporting to the Canadian market. Similarly, Canadian manufacturers certified to Canadian organic standards by a CFIA-accredited certification body: OTA members can ask questions about this agreement: during their organic equivalency negotiations and in consultation with their national stakeholders, USDA and CFIA found that some technical differences between the two standards that needed to be maintained by the importing country should be maintained. Therefore, to be considered “equivalent” under this trade agreement, organic products are traded between the United States.

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