Recent government statements have expressed confidence that the ability to negotiate new return agreements will strengthen the UK`s ability to return asylum seekers to other European countries, although some outside commentators have a different view. It seems unlikely that the UK will be able to continue to rely on readmission agreements negotiated between the EU and third countries as a non-Member. EU diplomats point out that the EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, does not have the power to negotiate a readmission agreement on migrants with the UK. The French negotiating mandate, defined by 27 governments, contains vague proposals for cooperation and “regular dialogues” to deal with the thousands of people fleeing war and poverty in the Middle East and Africa. It proposed two draft treaties with the EU on specific aspects of the Dublin Regulation: the government said it could pursue bilateral agreements with certain Member States if it is unable to conclude EU-wide agreements. However, some experts have indicated that bilateral agreements could be limited by the EU`s exclusive competences. In practice, safe country rules are only applied to people who have transited through European Economic Area (EEA) member countries and Switzerland. The reason is that deportation to these Member States is allowed under a European agreement, the so-called Dublin Regulation. It was reported that the EU had rejected the agreements proposed by the United Kingdom because they were not within the framework of their negotiating mandate. Neither the political declaration between the UK and the EU nor the draft EU text for a new partnership agreement with the UK explicitly identifies asylum, unaccompanied children or readmissions as areas for future agreements or cooperations. Activists want the UK government to amend national legislation to fill gaps left by the Dublin Regulation (at least if it is not part of an agreement similar to that of a non-member state).
The aim is to ensure that from the end of the year, asylum seekers in Europe do not lose a safe and legal way to reintegrate with their relatives in the UK. They will also apply during the transitional period of the WITHDRAWAL agreement for the UK, as most EU laws will continue to apply to the UK during this period, which expires at the end of the year. While the UK could strike a new bilateral agreement with France, a former EU lawmaker was sceptical about mini-agreements with other EU countries. “He`s a non-runner,” said Claude Moraes, a former British MP who has worked with EU asylum law and chaired Parliament`s Justice and Home Affairs Committee. “You are very sensitive to the policy of justice and home affairs in the United Kingdom.” The Dublin regime was originally introduced by the Dublin Convention, signed in Dublin (Ireland) on 15 June 1990 and came into force on 1 October 1997 for the first twelve signatories (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom), and on 1 January 1998 for Finland.  While the agreement was only open to accession by the Member States of the European Communities, Norway and Iceland, non-member countries, reached an agreement with the EC in 2001 on the application of the provisions of the Convention on their territory.  The Labour politician accused Boris Johnson of making political statements that do not correspond to the reality of what the government is trying to negotiate. “Politically, [the Prime Minister] says we will have British laws to take back control, but in private they will retaliate Dublin or have some sort of agreement with the EU.” The Dublin II Regulation was adopted in 2003 and replaced the Dublin Convention in all EU Member States, with the exception of Denmark, which is withdrawing the implementation of regulations in the area of freedom, security and justice.
 In 2006, an agreement was reached with